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Owen DOL #3 The Great Depression

Cause and consequence: What were the causes and most important aspects of your chosen event related to the guiding question? [5Ws]


The New York Stock Market crash caused people in the USA to hoard their money, quickly catching onto Canada, making those who had money stable, workers out of work, and people who invested in the stocks broke. This sudden turnover of people who were afraid to spend their money in anything caused a GDP decrease of 40% in Canada and 37% in the USA, all because of the crash. The influence that America had on Canada was so immense that when their stock market crashed, we suffered more than they did. People realised that they needed more jobs and that their relations with the USA were useful, but not meant to blend. By making a clear difference between the two countries besides the borders, canadians could be less susceptible to a future crash or event, leaving them in a better position with their own autonomy,


Historical Perspective: How was your researched event viewed by Canadians at the time? How do you know?


People in Canada found this to be extremely frustrating with the lack of jobs to support their families and hobbies, forcing them to take any job they could get their hands on, from soup kitchens to moving bales of hay.


Continuity and Change: To what extent did this event or idea affect Canadian social, political, or economic norms or values?


As the working class was striving to support their families, they began to go door to door, into sketchy places and anywhere else to get a job, increasing the amount of social interaction, whether for better or for worse. All of this was caused by the drop in GDP amongst the Canadians. This led to people trying to force the politicians to increase the amount of jobs in Canada to support the country.


Historical Significance: In what ways, specifically, did your event contribute to Canada’s social, political, or economic autonomy? Provide evidence from primary and secondary sources.


It gave Canada the wake up call it needed to separate it’s close ties with the USA to the point that they could better handle a future economical crash like this one. My Great Grandfather had to go from one side of Canada (Vancouver) to PEI just to find any work, using the CPR as a method of transport. Many people did this as a time to get from place to place, and they would often get off at any nearby cities or farms to find work, or permanent jobs if they were lucky. Some people however, would promise them payment, just to take the money for themselves, leaving a hardworking person out of a job, money, and energy. People would even get so desperate as to work for food.

Is Justin Trudeau Wilfrid Laurier’s successor?

Similarities Differences
 Both liberal prime ministers of Canada after a long and powerful  Conservative reign.

Use the term “Sunny ways in regard to their idea that convincing somebody is better than forcing them.

Advocate for the minority for whatever their reason may be.

Went to McGill university.


Well educated

Lived far apart from each other with different societal norms on how people should be treated.

Trudeau has far superior hair.

Trudeau’s father had been on power as a prime minister before Justin for a very long period of time.

Laurier was less focused on the minority’s rights and more on the country’s development as a whole.

Laurier got a lot more done, but was also in power for a lot longer.








Sources Sited:

Canadian Confederacy

From the perspective of George-Étienne Cartier, I would have to agree with the concept of forming the confederation as it would allow for the spread of French culture, increased trade amongst the French-Canadians, and an  ability to rally defenses against that of the Americans and those participating the the Fenian raids.

  1. The French culture is prominent where we are, and the ability to confederate could spread our culture to the others much faster than before, rather than slowly being ignored and eventually switching to the English language.
  2. As we spread our culture, our goods and needs could be acquired much quicker and legally than before. The increase of French goods in the economy would lead to an increase in demand for our products, such as maple syrup.
  3. A major benefit towards our province would be the defensive capabilities, allowing us to stay separate from our southern neighbors and those participating in similar raids.

Overall, the benefits of confederation far outweigh any downsides that our country would face, and I support it wholeheartedly.

Indepth post: Number 6 (final post before indepth night)

Hey Y’all,

So, as in-depth night comes closer, I am finishing my last recipe before replicating them to share with my mentor. The final item that we are making is bread. This may not seem very difficult at first, but the fact that it is gluten free increases the chance for the bread to fail miserably. I will post pictures and show the steps for making the bread later.

Thus far, I have learned how to:

  1. Bake a variety of gluten free foods (muffins, pie, crisps, etc.)
  2. Replace glutenous ingredients with gluten free ingredients
  3. Adapt a recipe to improve the flavour or texture
  4. Remove yolks from eggs
  5. Memorize 7 recipes

I believe that this is a more than worthwhile study as I can apply it to my life in the future for family get-togethers, trips and other events that could require culinary support. The ability that I found most useful was that I learned how to substitute different flours by adding 1 tsp of xanthan gum per cup of GF flour. Xanthan gum allows the food to stick together, like gluten in normal flour. I also learned a flour mix consisting of 50% rice flour, 25% potato flour and 25% corn flour (or something similar). This is the most versatile and effective combination of GF flour that I have ever learned how to make or eaten, and I am very grateful that my mentor taught me how to replicate it.

Beyond culinary skills, I developed a relationship with my mentor and piano teacher. I realized that she knew MUCH more than how to teach piano, but that she had an ability to create gluten free dishes that were good enough to appear as though it was made with real non-gluten free flour. She has been a blessing to this project and to my work as she was flexible with dates and able to help me when I couldn’t quite do what the recipe required.

Overall, this year of in-depth was worlds more successful than last year’s guitar project. I have learned skills that I will use in the future, and improved my ability to comprehend the art of food. I would like to thank my mentor for helping me with this project.

Until next time.

Top 5 passages from The Joker is Wild, a biography by Martin Knelman

1.”A lot of the characters have this things where they think they’re in control but they’re not[.]” (138)

a. The quote is connected to his past experiences when working in a factory after his father was fired form his previously ‘stable’ job. The idea is that they can be funny, but they are also sad. This was a way of expressing some of the pain he had kept bottled up for years.

b This shows that Canadians, at the time of publication 2000, have a side to them other than the apologetic and kind side, an attribute of hurting, and a lack of means to express that. Nowadays, this shows how film can be an escape and a medium for people to express their inner thoughts without compromising any relationships or projects.

2.”Jim stayed inside the piano for almost two entire acts, emerging after almost half an hour. He climbed out and walked off the stage slowly.” (121)

a. The entire concept of laying in a piano after your act was done for about 20 minutes to then re-emerge just seems so absolutely outlandish and humorous to me.

b. Jim shows that Canadians can be very creative in their humor-based exploits, even to the point of leaving and reappearing in unconventional ways. Today, this would show that we may do ridiculous things to get attention and laughs from others even if it may hinder the quality of those around us.

3.”I just can’t continue what I’m doing.”

a. Jim realizes that he needs to become more than just a wild impressionist, but a comedian who is something more than a reflection of another, making this one of the most important parts in his life.

b. I’ve found that many Canadians have times where they feel like that they aren’t themselves anymore, and that they need to re-invent themselves.

4.”He could make people laugh and make them feel at the same time.” (36)

a. A fellow comedian, Mike MacDonald, presents Jim as being somebody who had the ability at a young age to make people laugh and sympathize at the same time. After watching some films starring Jim, I can see how Mike views Carrey like this.

b. Jim’s ability to convey both humor and emotions through his medium of acting and film are shown to be accepted and enjoyed by us as Canadians, representing our general love for film and acceptance of people who have talent.

5.”The element that makes certain stars exciting, […] is a sense of danger, that anything can happen.” (158)

a. Charles Russel describes Jim’s ability to be very exciting by his sense of danger, probably developed by his years in the less famous scene of a factory.

b. Canadian stereotypes for being overly kind tie in to the ‘sense of danger’ that Russel is speaking about, can also be applied to protecting or caring for those who are affected by said danger.

Theme: Broadcasting ideas through your own medium can allow them to blossom into something beautiful.

JAM essay- Owen


April  16th 2018

Humanities 10 TALONS

The first prime minister of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald, was responsible for building the Canadian Pacific Railroad, forming parliament and separating the country from Britain, but the people he used to get there were unacknowledged, excluded, and treated like a “separate species” (Stanley). When he first came to office in 1867, he wanted to connect the young nation with a railroad, but quickly got into disputes, disagreements and harsh encounters with those who were not “Aryan” enough (Dennie). He used this idea and the people around him to complete his dream, immortalizing him in the public sphere with schools and statues made in his honour. Most people at the time, as well as some today, believe that his actions are more than justified and that he should be held up high for his accomplishments, while others disagree, and would rather see the statues taken down to symbolize our new values. Regardless of his accomplishments while in power, the exclusion of the chinese workers and the ignorance towards the indigenous peoples shows that he only cared for those of his race, making him a figure that should not be monumentalized.


While Canada began to stretch their railroad across the newly purchased and aligned land, and influx of chinese immigrants began to arrive with hopes of providing for their families, only to be met with inflated immigration prices, low wages, and little to no credit for the work they did on the Canadian Pacific Railroad. John A. Macdonald stated that the chinese “were separate species” who would breed “mongrel” people that would make his “Aryan” nation impure. Although this may have been common at their day and age, our Country’s current idea of inclusion and multiculturalism are skewed with the praise towards somebody who went out of their way to do the exact opposite.


On the other hand, some people believe that his actions were justified as building a nation requires sacrifices, including the immigrant workers, but his exclusion and mistreatment of others is also inside the country. When Canada purchased Rupert’s Land, they did not talk to the native Metis peoples, which led to the red river rebellion. When Macdonald realized that Louis Riel would not simply give up until his voice was heard, he attempted to bribe him to immigrate to the USA and never come back. This was successful for a small period of time, but Louis returned soon which led to the “hanging of Louis Riel” (Oliver). His sudden and irrational action to hagn the rebel and voice of the people proved that he cared little for those who were here before him. A leader of a new country who cannot accept or value the people he seeks to lead should not be up held in schools where the descendants of those discriminated against are taught an entire;y different story of John, and forced to look upon him as a Canadian hero.


John A. Macdonald’s fear and ignorance of those who would have joined him have left cultural barriers and misinterpretations of how people were treated and should be treated today. By removing the Chinese immigrants and ostracizing the natives, Sir John A. Macdonald has done more harm than good. When a leader, even more so for the first one, shows that it is acceptable to mistreat others, including the young people who are influenced by the names of their schools. A country with our values today do not seem to line up with the way that Sir John A. Macdonald saw this country to be. So would you rather leave statues of a discriminatory racist up, or move them to a museum so we can learn from our mistakes.

In depth post #5

As of Wednesday, I have completed my 6th gluten-free creation, a lemon meringue pie. This was by far the most challenging of the recipes that I have completed as the crust was extremely hard to perfect, due to both the gluten-free ingredients, and some pie crusts are prone to crumbling. This did not hinder the progress, but instead led to a very well-made pie, with a nice crust and delicious lemon pie filling (pictures below).

1. What kinds of learning opportunities does the mentor provide to expose you to new learning?

My mentor allows me to take on scenarios head on, watching for anything that may mess up the recipe, but allowing for some trial and error. This has taught me how some ingredients don’t work well together, why you shouldn’t put wet and dry in the same bowl, and other useful cooking strategies. Another useful way for me to learn is by allowing me to find and use recipes rather than have prepared and proven ones already laid out.

2. What kinds of learning opportunities exist to reinforce new learning?

We could recap our product after each session, and reflect on what we did right, and what needed improvement. This would allow for a fuller understanding of what we have accomplished, and how we could do better the following time.

3. What kinds of opportunities exist that might accelerate learning?

We could prepare the recipes ahead of time to better suit my learning, but I believe that having first hand experience of choosing a recipe is more beneficial as it grants me the abilities over time effectively rather than quickly.

4. When you get together what do you talk about?

The main subject that we discuss, besides when we are baking, is how to improve, adapt, or find ways around the current recipe. This includes changing the amounts of ingredients such as eggs to change the thickness of the food, as well as adding milk to increase the smoothness of the item.

5. What is going particularly well in your mentoring relationship right now?

We are very efficient when working in the kitchen, usually finishing 30 minute recipes in 25 or less. Our ability to do multiple sections of the recipe at once allows us to not get stuck watching the other, but be involved in making something that we can both enjoy in the future.

6. What are you learning about one another?

I am learning that she is a very kind, generous and very cooking-smart person who can do much more than just bake or play the piano. She has shown me how to do things, like removing an egg white, that I would have messed up so much in years past that I can now do with accuracy and confidence. When I first began the mentor ship lessons, I wanted to give back, as we were using her time and ingredients, but all that she said she would require is the occasional ingredient that she did not have, and a quick brochure draft for her upcoming piano recital.


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DOL: #3, Independent Canadian Inquiry

Historical significance:

The inquiry question that I posed for study was, “How did Ochasteguin kick start Canadian economy?”. Before I delve into the fruits of my research, Ochasteguin was the chief of the Arendaenronnon nation of the Wendat Confederacy, the lesser of the two indigenous peoples who were controlling the trade along the St. Lawrence river.

Image Courtesy of

As a leader of this trade route, Ochasteguin had access to the best trading opportunities in all of North America due to the plentiful amount of beavers that could be brought from farther inland. Ochasteguin and a few of his peoples met with the people of New France, and granted them control of the route in exchange for aid against the other, more dominant group, the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. New France agreed to the offer, and marched into battle with Samuel du Champlain, their leader, armed with a musket like weapon called the Arquebus. The alliance, machinery, and fear factor proved to be too much for the opposing trade force, and it was thus dominated by the Wendat and New France alliance. This went hand-in-hand with the trend of beaver pelt hats in Europe which strengthened their profits greatly, and allowed the two groups to build their civilizations up with greater efficiency and dominance. As this event occurred many years ago, I have been unable to find any primary sources recounting this event, but secondary sources include a quick history of the Wendat peoples, the Canada: The Story of Us video, and a book by the name of Religion, Gender and Kinship in Colonial New France.

Cause and Consequence:

The reason for the economical success of the two peoples was due to the natives willingness to trade and work with the newcomers. They realized that the french colonists had much greater firepower, as well as armor. Seizing this opportunity, the Wendat propose access to the trade route in return for aiding them in their attempt to claim the southern section of the St. Lawrence. New France needed to show France that they could turn a profit, so Samuel agreed, thus winning both sides a great economical advantage over other, and for du Champlain, the very thing he needed to maintain his settlement in what is now Quebec. An unintended consequence of this interaction, was the extinction of the Wendat people which was caused by diseases such as tuberculosis which was brought over from Europe. these diseases are said to have wiped out 90-99% of the indigenous population as their immune systems were not capable of dealing with the infections.

Ethical Judgement:

The event may very well have seemed just and correct back then, but now it would seem as though the French gained a much larger amount of the profit. Back in their time, the events and trades were mostly dominated by the indigenous, as was this one, but the trade seems unfair from today’s viewpoint. The Wendat agreed to allow control of the route over to the New France colony in exchange for what they wanted, which was to control both sides of the trade route.

image courtesy of

This worked out for both sides to begin with, as they both followed through on their promises, thus improving the French economy as well as the Wendat.  An unintended consequence of this interaction was the spread of diseases which led the Wendat to be weakened, and defeated by the Iroquois in 1648-50.

Socials Studies Inquiry Process:

Due to Ochasteguin and the Wendat people’s deal with New France, the Canadian economical system gained an important piece in creating the economy that we have today by establishing and sharing a controlled trade route along the St. Lawrence river. Even after New France fell at the hands of the English, the route had gained the area economic stability that influenced the success of the Hudson’s Bay Company. Without his effort to control the trade route, Canadian economy could have very well been unstable and not worth it for the French to continue to fund the colonists, which could remove the french culture of Canada entirely.

Socials DOL #2

The event that I believe has effected Canada in a great manner would be the war of 1812, in which Canada and the USA were involved in a conflict, where the USA was attempting to invade Canada in an effort to gain land and cut off British supply lines (as they were also an enemy to the US during this war).

Credit for this image goes to the global history pages

How it affects Canada’s:

Politics: This event has affected Canada’s political system mostly includes the first steps in Canada’s idea for independence. When the United States invaded Canada, it is very possible that this event could have sparked ideas of separating them from the British, who at the time were suffering financially, thus being unprepared for such a war. This financial insecurity and feeling of insecurity from their empire, could very well have led them to their political reformation, ultimately ending in their separation from the European conquerors.

Economics: Mentioned in the paragraph above, the economic status of the British empire was not at it’s best at the time of the war, thus leaving Canada at a disadvantage from America which had already separated from it’s British predecessors, which has an effect on our current economic status, with the value of our dollar, and the fact that we still have the queen on our money.

Social aspect: This war has done more than just spark a failed conquering and economic instability, but also has raised the possibility of the Americans, our next-border neighbors, taking our country on once more in an attempt for more American land. The distrust spawned from this is minimal nowadays, but the idea is still in society, with people feeling the need to preserve Canadian culture and block American culture to assure our financial and social success.

Environment: Of course with a war, lands are scarred, and this was no different, with the American-Canadian border being scarred with battle fields and bodies of fallen soldiers. This has changed the landscape of the area, as well as the soil, which is now embraced with used ammunition, gun powder, soldiers and other war related bi-products.

This event does not represent our country moving towards a post-national state, as it was farther in the past than most of the social revolutions of today. The war of 1812 is a showcase of how Canadians are not necessarily weak and polite, but instead willing to fight for what they have, and what they would like, but most of all, this shows that Canadians were willing to fight under the same flag, the same nation.

In my opinion, I do not believe that there is any point in trying to define a specific Canadian identity, as we are all different people, who might not share all of, if not, any of the same values, but when times are tough, we are able to work together to provide for one another and protect the land “true north, strong, and free”. Even without a general Canadian identity, who’s to say that we aren’t still ourselves, part of our communities, and an important part of this country’s modern day success.

In conclusion, I would say that there are some events that would point towards a post-national country, while other seem to intertwine the whole populous of Canada, but in the end, we are all individuals who may not have our beliefs aligned, but are willing to fight for one another in times of need.



In-depth post #4


Thus far, I have completed 5 out of 7 food items, and have planned to re-make them to verify during the spring break. At the bottom of this post, I have included a few photos to show you of my work thus far. The next meeting will be the upcoming Saturday, in which we will either be making a pastry of sorts, or a pie. However, it is much more likely that the pie will be reserved until the final meeting, as it will be the most challenging, especially when it is gluten-free.

Questions and answers:

1. What has been my most difficult mentoring challenge so far?  Why?

During the meetings and piano lessons, the status of each of us changes, making it slightly awkward at times. This is due to her piano teacher position running the entire lesson, while the 1 on 1 cooking sessions are more often an autonomous  learning opportunity led, and handled mostly by myself. It can be a little disorienting at times, especially when I am expecting her to do something, while she expects me to perform the same task.  Overall, the confusion of who is leading who is the most difficult challenge for mentoring thus far.

2. What is working well? Why?

The other side to our relationship is the advantage of a previously built trust and respect for one another, as well as communication. We both talk to one another in a positive and uplifting way, building each other up rather than pointing out our weaknesses and bringing them down. We work together by dividing work and completing it with a smile, complimenting the other’s workmanship along the way. The entire cooking experience with us is enjoyable, efficient, and effective, making it the most important factor in our relationship and project.

3. What could be working better?  How can you make sure this happens?

Honestly, the only thing that could be improved on is the knowledge of who is in-charge, everything else seems to be working cohesively and properly together.



These are photos of the most recent meeting, where we made banana chocolate chip mini muffins:

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